Archaeological Site of Tiryns
Tiryns was one of the most important cities of the Mycenaean civilization. The archaeological site is situated just outside Nafplio.
The fortified citadel occupies top of a low hill and circulated by 'Cyclopean' wall. Its total length is 725m. At the highest part, it is 7.50m high, but originally it must have been as high as 10m.
The Cyclopean wall was constructed between the 14th and the 13rd century BC.
In the photo left is the main gate to the citadel. It has the same structure as the Lion Gate
The passage to the main gate.
In the late 13rd century a strong earthquake and the fire that ensued destroyed the buildings in the citadel. In the 12nd century BC, an urban settlement was formed in the plain below.
In the 5th century BC (around 470 BC), Tiryns was destroyed by Argos. When Pausanias visited it in the 2nd century, it was completely deserted.
- Pamphlet published by Archaeological Receipts Fund
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